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The IPAT Children’s Personality Questionnaire was administered to 2 samples of white American school children. Both samples were divided into well-adjusted and maladjusted subgroups on the basis of teacher ratings. The CPQ neuroticism score and the teacher ratings of adjustment status yielded biserial correlations of 0.12 and 0.22, while the biserial correlations of teacher ratings and 10 scores were -0.52 and -0.50, with higher 10 scores being associated with healthier (but numerically lower) teacher ratings. Implications for the validity of the CPQ neuroticism index were discussed.