Personality correlates of verbal and spatial ability

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Keith Barton
Raymond B Cattell
W. Silverman
Cite this article:  Barton, K., Cattell, R., & Silverman, W. (1974). Personality correlates of verbal and spatial ability. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 2(2), 113-118.


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N = 175 undergraduate students took Cattell’s Sixteen Personality Factor questionnaire (16PF) and Thurston’s Primary Mental Abilities test (PMA). Participants were divided into the following 3 groups on the basis of their PMA subtest scores: A “high verbal-low spatial” group (HiV-LoS), an“intermediate” group, and a “high spatial-low verbal” group (HiS-LoV). On the basis of previous work with HiV-LoS and HiS-LoV participants, several personality differences between the two groups were hypothesized. Analyses of variance were conducted with personality factor scores as dependent variables and sex and ability patterns as independent variables. Results indicated that at least for male participants, the HIS-LoV and HiV-LoS groups differed significantly on certain personality variables involving response to social stimuli.
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