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We conceptualized voice self-efficacy as a mediator and perceived delegation as a contextual moderator for researching the effect of proactive personality on voice behaviorin a Chinese cultural context. We collected data in 2 waves using a sample of 205 subordinate–supervisor dyads working at 2 finance companies in China. Our results showed that voice self-efficacy partially mediates the relationship between proactive personality and voice behavior, and that perceived delegation has a moderating role in this relationship. Implications for management theory and practice are discussed.