Perceived stress, self-efficacy and its relations to psychological well-being status in Iranian male high school students

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Babak Moeini
Froug Shafii
Alireza Hidarnia
Gholam Reza Babaii
Behrooz Birashk
Hamid Allahverdipour
Cite this article:  Moeini, B., Shafii, F., Hidarnia, A., Babaii, G., Birashk, B., & Allahverdipour, H. (2008). Perceived stress, self-efficacy and its relations to psychological well-being status in Iranian male high school students. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 36(2), 257-266.


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Psychological stress has been found to be associated with a variety of ailments and health outcomes in adolescents. This study investigated the relationships between perceived stress, general self-efficacy and mental health status among Iranian male adolescents recruited from midtown high schools in Tehran who studied in 12th grade (N = 148). Pupils completed three questionnaires for assessing perceived stress (PSS-14; Cohen, Kamarck, & Mermelstein, 1983), general self-efficacy (GSE; Schwarzer & Jerusalem, 1995) and psychological well-being (GHQ-28; Goldberg & Hillier, 1979). Statistical analysis revealed that greater stress was associated with lower general self-efficacy and lower mental health status. A significant inverse relationship between self-efficacy and general health was found among these students. Results are discussed in relation to their implications for effective mental health education (e.g., stress management training) for adolescents.

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Appreciation is due to reviewers including

Sarah O. Meadows

PhD

Center for Research on Child Well-being

Office of Population Research

Princeton University

286 Wallace Hall

Princeton

NJ 08544-5804

USA

Email

[email protected]

Robert Tait

School of Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences

University of Western Australia (MPC 521)

QE II Medical Centre

Nedlands

WA 6907

Australia

[email protected]

Alireza Hidarnia, Department of Health Education, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, 14115-111, Iran. Phone: +98-21-88011001; Fax: +98-21-88013030; Email: [email protected]

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