'New racism', self-esteem, and ethnic relations among minority and majority youth in the Netherlands

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Maykel Verkuyten
K. Masson
Cite this article:  Verkuyten, M., & Masson, K. (1995). 'New racism', self-esteem, and ethnic relations among minority and majority youth in the Netherlands. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 23(2), 137-154.


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In Western Europe the concept of 'new racism' has emerged. The idea of the incompatibility of different cultures is central to this concept, and this idea leads to the abnormalization and exclusion of ethnic minority groups. This paper studies this form of ethnic prejudice and several of its correlates among ethnic majority and minority youth. The results show, first, that majority youth were more prejudiced than minority youth. Second, that among majority youth prejudice correlated positively with personal self-esteem as well as with self-esteem as an ethnic group member, whereas among minority youth a negative association was found. Third, among majority youth positive ingroup evaluation in combination with prejudice was found, whereas among minority youth a more positive ingroup evaluation was associated with less prejudice. Fourth, among majority youth prejudice was very strongly correlated with a measure of social distance, with rate of voluntary inter-ethnic contacts, and with level of outgroup formation. Among minority youth these associations were much weaker.
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