Career calling of nascent entrepreneurs in China: Structure and measurement

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Xizhou Tian
Youyue Wu
Yuanyuan Wang
Cite this article:  Tian, X., Wu, Y., & Wang, Y. (2018). Career calling of nascent entrepreneurs in China: Structure and measurement. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 46(4), 695-704.


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Living out one’s calling is a subjective standard of career success. In this study, we used qualitative and quantitative methods to examine the structure and measurement of career calling among young entrepreneurs in a Chinese cultural context. Qualitative data were obtained from a focus group of 20 entrepreneurs who had graduated from college within the previous 3 years, and quantitative data were obtained from a survey completed by 298 young entrepreneurs. Results of exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses showed that the entrepreneurial calling of nascent entrepreneurs in China can be accurately measured with a 13-item scale that includes 2 dimensions: purpose and meaningfulness. The Brief Career Calling Scale for Nascent Entrepreneurs that we developed in this study is a practical and convenient measure that will be useful for academic research and for counselors and practitioners assessing young peoples’ career progress.

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