Dysfunctional attitudes, learned helplessness, and coping styles among men with substance use disorders

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Cui-yan Wang
Kai Zhang
Min Zhang
Cite this article:  Wang, C., Zhang, K., & Zhang, M. (2017). Dysfunctional attitudes, learned helplessness, and coping styles among men with substance use disorders. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 45(2), 269-280.


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We examined the relationships between dysfunctional attitudes, learned helplessness, and coping styles in a sample of 623 men with substance use disorders. We also explored the potential mediating effect of learned helplessness in the relationship between dysfunctional attitudes and coping styles. Participants completed the Dysfunctional Attitude Scale, Learned Helplessness Scale, and Coping Style Questionnaire. Results revealed that male drug abusers demonstrated dysfunctional attitudes and learned helplessness. In addition, dysfunctional attitudes and learned helplessness significantly predicted the coping styles of male drug abusers. However, although learned helplessness affected coping styles, it did not mediate the relationship between dysfunctional attitudes and coping styles. Practical and theoretical implications and limitations are discussed.

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