Religious orientation and its relationship with spiritual intelligence

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Ismael S. Albursan
Mohammad F. AlQudah
Salaheldin F. Bakhiet
Ahmad M. Alzoubi
Adel S. Abduljabbar
Michaeel A. Alghamdi
Cite this article:  Albursan, I., AlQudah, M., Bakhiet, S., Alzoubi, A., Abduljabbar, A., & Alghamdi, M. (2016). Religious orientation and its relationship with spiritual intelligence. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 44(8), 1281-1296.


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We explored the relationship between religious orientation and spiritual intelligence. Specifically, we examined differences in spiritual intelligence by grade, type of school, and student achievement level. Participants were 142 students in the 7th and 10th grades, who were randomly selected from Al-Taif schools in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. For data collection, we used Al-Ruwaitea’s Religious Orientation Scale with its 4 dimensions of religiousness: personal extrinsic, social extrinsic, intrinsic, and quest, and we also developed a scale of spiritual intelligence (SI) for use in this study. Data analysis revealed statistically significant differences in SI by type of school, in favor of religious schools. There was no difference in SI by grade. Multiple regression analysis results showed that extrinsic socially oriented religiousness was the only religious orientation that was a significant predictor of SI.

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