Mood and expected outcome in a test situation

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Lennart Sjoberg
Cite this article:  Sjoberg, L. (1985). Mood and expected outcome in a test situation. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 13(2), 183-194.


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One determinant of mood may be expected outcome of action. This study investigated that hypothesis. Mood ratings were obtained from a group of students at the eve of a difficult and important exam. They also rated their habitual mood, pessimism-optimism and a number of aspects of expectations regarding the exam. Immediately following the exam, they again rated mood and perceived result as well as certain aspects of events during the exam. There were no significant correlations between mood and expected result at the exam but several other variables correlated with mood, in particular anticipated emotions, attribution of the expected result to chance and attribution of mood to the exam. Students were in general quite strongly affected by the upcoming exam; female students more so than male.
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