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In recent years, there has been an increase in deviant behaviors of students in Japan and Taiwan. The similarities and differences between the deviant behaviors of students in these 2 countries were investigated. A total of 516 and 476 valid questionnaires were obtained from Taiwan and Japan, respectively, in this study. Results indicated that there were fewer deviant behaviors among students in Taiwan than in Japan. Social control, authoritative teacher discipline, and parents’ laissez-faire parenting were common factors implicated in deviant behaviors of students in both countries. The factor most frequently affecting the deviant behaviors of Japanese students was social control. For Taiwanese students authoritative teacher discipline was the factor with the greatest effect.