Factor analysis and psychometric evaluation of the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) with Chinese people

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Xiaonan Yu
Jianxin Zhang
Cite this article:  Yu, X., & Zhang, J. (2007). Factor analysis and psychometric evaluation of the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) with Chinese people. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 35(1), 19-30.


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This study examines the psychometric properties of the Chinese version of Connor and Davidson's Resilience Scale (CD-RISC; 2003), an American instrument originating from a posttraumatic stress disorder research program. Confirmatory factor analysis of the Chinese data failed to verify the original 5-factor structure of CD-RISC obtained in the USA, while exploratory factor analysis resulted in a 3-factor structure of resilience (labeled respectively as Tenacity, Strength, and Optimism). The reliability coefficient of the Chinese version of CD-RISC was 0.91. The validity of CD-RISC was also satisfying in terms of the actual data matching the expected correlation between resilience measure and the variables of self-esteem, life satisfaction, and personality trait factors of NEO-FFI. It is concluded that the construct of resilience and its measurement from the West can be helpful and applicable in understanding Chinese adaptive behaviors, however, the understanding of the construct may also need some modification according to Chinese culture.

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Appreciation is due to reviewers including

Karen Aroian

PhD

College of Nursing

Wayne State University

356 Cohn

5557 Cass Avenue

Detroit

MI 48202

USA

Email

[email protected]

MarySue V. Heilemann

RN

UCLA School of Nursing

Factor Bldg

Room 5-252

Box 956919

Los Angeles

CA 90095-6919

[email protected]

Jianxin Zhang, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 10A Datun Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing, 100101, P. R. China. Phone: +8610-6485-5883; Fax: +8610-6487-2070; Email: [email protected] or Xiaonan Yu Email: [email protected]

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